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Cardiac diseases leading cause of deaths in present society: expert warned

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ISLAMABAD: Renowned cardiologist Thursday expressed serious concern over the rise in cardiovascular diseases-related deaths in the country due to unhealthy lifestyles and lack of quality sleep among young generation.

Cardiovascular diseases have immensely increased over the past two decades, Senior cardiologist Professor Dr. Hamid Shafqat said in an interview.

Expert urged people to adopt healthy lifestyles, lower their cholesterol level and control hypertension and diabetes through regular exercise and take a healthy and balanced diet.

According to him, heart ailments were even more lethal than cancer and other communicable and non-communicable diseases.

Cardiac expert stress for raising awareness about the burden of hypertension and heart failure and its impact on lives of patients in present society.

Health expert said that hypertension is considered the most important modifiable risk factor for diseases like coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and end-stage renal disease.

This places a huge importance on early identification & treatment of patients with hypertension by the healthcare professionals, he added.

A healthy lifestyle and precautionary approaches to decrease the prevalence of this disease in the Pakistani population is also important, he emphasized

Prof Dr Hamid said that heart failure is the abnormality of cardiac structure or function leading to failure of the heart to adequately supply blood to organ systems. It is a chronic condition, which is combined with acute episodes.

It is important that these patients are counseled and educated about importance of proper diet and medication, he added.

Most people need to add more fruits and vegetables to their diets with less use of oil in their daily lifestyles, he advised, adding, eating many fruits and vegetables not only can help prevent heart disease, but also may help improve your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and improve diabetes.

He further said, some people cope with stress in unhealthy ways such as over-eating, drinking or smoking. finding alternative ways to manage stress such as physical activity, relaxation exercises or meditation can help improve your health.

Adults should generally have their cholesterol measured at least once every five years starting at age 18. Earlier testing may be recommended if you have other risk factors, such as a family history of early-onset heart disease, he recommended.

Olive oil lowers the levels of total blood cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides, he said, added, at the same time it does not alter the levels of HDL-cholesterol which plays a protective role and prevents the formation of fatty patches, thus stimulating the elimination of the low-density lipoproteins.

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Sindh health minister appeals to parents not to refuse OPV teams

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KARACHI: Sindh Minister for Health Dr. Azra Pechuho here on Monday urged parents not to refuse the vaccinators visiting their homes for administration of oral polio vaccine (OPV) even if their children may have been regularly covered under routine immunisation.

Talking to journalists following the inaugural of the national OPV campaign at the Sindh Emergency Operation Centre for Polio, she said the additional drops received by their kids under OPV hold no hazard but simply boost immunity of the recipients.

“The exercise is meant to provide blanket cover to all children against the virus that persists in our environment,” said the health minister who is also a senior doctor.

Acknowledging that a reluctance has been registered among many of the affluent families in easing access of their under-five children to the mobile teams of vaccinators, engaged in door-to-door oral polio immunisation campaign, she said the elitist mindset has to be done away with.

She urged the media, both print and electronic, to make people realise that OPV being administered at the clinics of renowned pediatricians or that of government-run dispensaries or by authorised mobile teams are of same quality arranged by the government through Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

 

 

 

 

 

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Countrywide anti-polio campaign commences

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Countrywide anti-polio campaign commences

ISLAMABAD: A countrywide campaign to administer anti-polio drops to children under five years of age starts on Monday.

National Coordinator Polio Eradication Programme, Dr Rana Safdar said the anti-polio drive will target 39 million children in all four provinces, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

He urged the people to cooperate with polio teams to administer drops to their children against this crippling disease.

 

 

 

 

 

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FDA approves first medical device to treat child inattention

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WASHINGTON: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this week the first medical device to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for children.

The device called the Monarch external Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System is the first non-drug treatment for ADHD authorized for marketing by the FDA.

The prescription-only device is indicated for patients ages 7 to 12 years old who are not taking ADHD medication.

“This new device offers a safe, non-drug option for treatment of ADHD in pediatric patients through the use of mild nerve stimulation, a first of its kind,” said Carlos Pena, director of the Division of Neurological and Physical Medicine Devices in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health.

ADHD is a common disorder that begins in childhood. ADHD patients have difficulty in staying focused and paying attention.

The cell-phone sized device generates a low-level electrical pulse and connects via a wire to a small patch that adheres to a patient’s forehead, just above the eyebrows, according to FDA.

The device delivers the low-level electrical stimulation to the branches of the trigeminal nerve, sending therapeutic signals to the parts of the brain thought to be involved in ADHD.

Brain imaging showed that eTNS increases activity in the brain regions that are known to be important in regulating attention, emotion and behavior, but the exact mechanism of eTNS is not yet known.

The stimulation feels like a tingling sensation on the skin, and the device should be used in the home under the supervision of a caregiver during periods of sleep. Clinical trials suggest that a response to eTNS may take up to four weeks to become evident.

 

 

 

 

 

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