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Deadly Disease X likely to hit the world in future: WHO

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Disease X

AIMAN INAM

GENEVA: WHO has just revealed a list of Blueprint priority diseases. Savants claimed that a bizarre, yet-to-exist ailment namely Disease X is expected to trigger a global outbreak in future just like Ebola, Zika and SARS did.

According to details, it is yet to be figured out whether the malady would be a slayer pathogen that could be created by biological mutation such as Spanish Flu or HIV or it might be the result of a terror attack or an accident.

According to the statement released by WHO, Disease X, a severe global epidemic, could be wreaked by a pathogen currently not known. Also, experts claim that infectious disorders are maverick.

Harboring on the subject, WHO adviser Marion Koopmans noted that the exposure of animals is getting prevalent as the time goes by causing more and more diseases.

Not to mention that excessive travelling across the world is also accountable when it comes to diffuse such ailments.

This is the first time that pundits included Disease X in the said list just to warn health officials to ensure that they remain prepared for all such forthcoming ultimatums.

As mentioned earlier, one potential source of such an outbreak could be the intentional diffusion of Disease X in forms of weapons or attacks by terrorist organizations.

It is pertinent to mention here that an unknown nerve agent was used in an assassination attempt on a Russian man who spied for the British and his daughter last week. Similarly, North Korea is suspected of using a different nerve agent to execute Kim Jong-un’s half-brother past year.

Man-made viruses and bacteria would be difficult for the human body to combat as there is no natural immunity, held experts.

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Health

Over 400 dengue cases reported in 2018!

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RAWALPINDI: District Health Officer Dr. Zeeshan Ahmed today said around 421 dengue positive patients were reported in Allied hospitals of the city in 2018, while last year 334 patients results were positive, in 2016 the number was  1106 and in 2015 the number was 3303.
He said to date, the allied hospitals have registered 421 confirm patients while at present only 5 dengue patients were under treatment in hospitals. The DHO said that Municipal Corporation area and Potahar Town witnessed a sharp decrease this year in dengue patients as 63 cases were reported in MCR area and 82 in Potohar area while last year the number was 74 in MCR and 189 in Potohar Town.
While Rawalpindi Cantonment Board area has witnessed an increase this year as 197 cases were reported and the number was only 40 last year, he added. He said that in the RCB area the number of cases were increased as there were some hurdles to reach sensitive areas. “Dengue fever situation is under control and no death has occurred due to it,” he added.

 

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E-cigarette makers using aggressive marketing tactics

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E-cigarette makers using aggressive marketing tactics

SEOUL: Makers of e-cigarettes are employing an active marketing strategy, reaching out directly to consumers, industry officials said today.
KT&G, Philip Morris Korea and British American Tobacco (BAT) Korea have all set up departments to exclusively promote sales of their e-cigarettes and are increasing the number of their street stores.
Philip Morris was the first of the pack, opening a shop in June last year with the launch of its IQOS. It has since launched four more independent stores nationwide and has a sales booth at 20 Electro Mart outlets, an electronics store chain run by Shinsegae Group.
The company now runs two call centers, one each in Seoul and in the southeastern city of Busan, and has increased staff from 35 to 170 for around-the-clock operation.
KT&G has three stores, including a standalone in southern Seoul and two shop-in-shop flagships. It offers a visiting service to customers to handle their requests and has 200 staff members standing by.
The company has 10 after-sales service centers throughout the country and 31 smaller consultation stations to solve simple product problems. It has added incentives by giving leather cases to purchasers of its product line.
BAT Korea allows online purchases of its e-cigarette product Glo after confirming the age and identity of the buyer. In addition to its recently opened flagship store, it set up Glo care zones at a number of Seven-Eleven convenience stores that can handle after-sales service care and free product experience.
Industry officials say another change in their marketing tactic is the use of media events when new products are launched.
Such aggressive marketing has displeased social commentators who see it as contradicting efforts to bring down the country’s smoking rates. These watchers also want the government to amend laws on the tobacco industry that are outdated and unable to regulate the new e-cigarette market.
“With the launch of e-cigarettes, the industry can no longer survive in the old way,” an industry official said. “We need to communicate more actively with different segments of society to adapt better to the changing market conditions and to improve the regulations on tobacco.”

 

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PIMS to start hospital’s own incinerator

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ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) is all set to operate itself the burning of infectious waste with the start of hospital’s own incinerator during the current month of December.

All codal formalities have been completed to install and start of the incinerator as the hospital has obtained the No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Pakistan Environment Protection Agency, an official of the hospital said on Sunday. He said the incinerator has been placed while work is underway to make it ready for the test run which is expected in the first week of current month by a team of foreign and local experts. “The process of installation of this incinerator is underway, which will have a capacity to burn around 100 kg hospital waste an hour. Under the agreement, the supplier will be responsible for operation and maintenance of incinerator for three years.” “With the start of this incinerator, the hospital administration will be able to address the issue of dumping of its waste,” Dr. Wasim Khawaja, PIMS spokesman said.
He said presently, the hospital’s non-infectious waste is disposed of by the Capital Development Authority (CDA) while the hospital has contracted out the collection and incineration of its infectious waste to the National Cleaner Production Centre of Attock Refinery Limited. He said the incinerator with having dual chambers can convert the waste into infection free ash, which could be safely dumped.
Dr. Wasim said that this modern incinerator will operate both on gas and electricity. “We would have the choice to smoothly run the incinerator either on gas or electricity.” He said that the machine would burn solid waste which would be collected from various sections of the hospital at a high temperature of 800 °C to prevent from the risk of leaving infections.
He said that the hospital would have second incinerator this month, which would be made operational during the current month. He said after installation of the second incinerator, the hospital would be fully self-reliant as if one incinerator gets faults, the second would start operating. Dr. Wasim Khawaja said the total cost of the two incinerators is Rs 56 million. It is pertinent to mention here that presently a huge quantity of hospital’s waste is collected daily without any safe disposal system while the waste is burnt openly which may cause spread of various infectious diseases besides negative effects on pollution, against the mandatory practice of burning hospital waste at a high temperature to avoid the risk of spreading infections.
An amount of Rs 80 per kg is charged by NCPC from the hospital for collection and incineration of infectious waste. Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as thermal treatment. Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat. Medical waste incineration involves the burning of wastes produced by hospitals. These wastes included both infectious medical wastes as well as non-infectious, general wastes. According to experts, incineration plants must be designed to ensure that the flue gases reach a temperature of at least 850 °C (1,560 °F) for two seconds in order to ensure proper breakdown of toxic organic substances.

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