ISLAMABAD: Health experts have advised parents to improve the immune system of their children to fight invading bacteria and viruses.
Experts say that Zinc has beneficial health effects for all ages, especially in children to improve their immune system’s capacity and supplementary zinc is beneficial for children with diarrhea.
They said that Zinc supplementary was a vital micro-nutrient essential for protein synthesis, cell growth and differentiation, immune function, and intestinal transport of water and electrolytes.
Zinc was also used proteins and DNA synthesis as it improves growth and development in children during pregnancy, infancy, and childhood, National Programme Manager, Child Survival and Development, said Shehzad Afzal.
He said that with the support of Nutrition International, the Government of Sindh has trained Lady Health Workers (LHW) and their supervisors (LHS) in this regard.
He added messages related to zinc supplementation dosage, frequency of zinc supplementation, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), exclusive breastfeeding were also disseminated to LHWs, LHSs and district Coordinators in Sindh.
They have been provided with zinc dispersible tablets supplements and ORS by the government.
The LHWs are capable of treating uncomplicated diarrhea however, for severe cases they have to refer the child to the nearest health facility, he added.
He said that there are multiple reasons for a child to get in the under-nutrition trap, and diarrhea is one of the major causes.
Diarrhea leads to excessive loss of nutrients from body even though a child may have consumed sufficient quantity of calories or nutrients.
“When a child gets intestinal infection due to a bacteria or other micro-organism, he or she develops diarrhoea. These bugs attach themselves to the lining of the intestine, and interfere with the absorption of water and other essential nutrients,” Dr Khawar Sultan, a medical practitioner at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) said.
He added there are many reasons of happening of diarrhea like most of the times, the body’s natural protective mechanism helps recover the disease and overcomes the micro-organisms.
Other times, the bug may be strong enough to be overcome by the body’s natural protective mechanism, or is in too large of a quantity for the body’s defense mechanism to clear it.
“In that case the child needs to see a doctor, and appropriate treatment need to be started,” Dr Khawar said.
He said that the diarrhea is a very common condition, but treatment is very simple. If there is no blood in diarrhea, the child may not need to be given antibiotic and only a qualified health care provider may prescribe antibiotic for a diarrhoeal episode.
Health insurance policy for govt servants
PESHAWAR: KP Minister for Finance today chaired a meeting to initiate health insurance policy for govt. servants besides including deserving people & special people in Sehat Insaf Card Program.
The meeting discussed the redressal mechanism of Sehat Insaf Card and initiating Health Insurance Policy for government employees.
Addressing the meeting, the minister said that Sehat Insaf Card was a revolutionary scheme of PTI. He said the federal government has extended the program to the whole country keeping in view its success in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
He said that the provincial government has decided to include all other deserving people, families and special people in Sehat Insaf Card Program who are not under BISP.
He said the provision of health, education, and justice was the basic right of every individual of society and responsibility of the government.
The minister said the government has decided to initiate health insurance policy for giving the best health care facilities to government employees. He directed officers of the health department, Sehad Insaf Card Program, and finance department to present their recommendations within one month in this connection.
Fiji raises awareness on tuberculosis
SUVA: The Fijian government is committed to achieving the 2,035 global End-TB program targets that are to reduce Tuberculosis incidence and deaths by 90 percent and 95 percent respectively.
Fiji’s Ministry of Health Acting Medical Superintendent at the Tamavua Twomey Hospital Mike Kama said Tuesday that in 2017, the ministry indicated that 49 out of every 100,000 Fijians had TB and about four of those infected succumbed to the disease.
He made the comments as World Tuberculosis (TB day) celebration was launched at Queen Victoria School in Tailevu Province on Tuesday.
Awareness sessions followed by TB screening for students was conducted in the school by officials from Fiji’s Ministry of Health.
TB is diagnosed by having a chest X-Ray and a sputum sample tested for the presence of the bacteria.
Sam Fullman from the National TB Program said the spread of TB can be prevented by practicing good cough etiquette, ensuring that homes are well ventilated and not overcrowded, and regularly sunning out the beddings.
The World TB Day commemoration that is set to be conducted this Friday intends to create and escalate public awareness on TB and reflect on continuous colossal efforts of controlling the disease.
Asthma patients warned to take preventive measures in high risk pollen season: Expert
ISLAMABAD: Health expert Tuesday warned asthma Patients to take extra preventive measures to avoid medical complications in up coming high risk pollen allergy season .
In an interview, ENT specialist Dr Najeeb Durrani said this is the time when the approaching spring season makes trees and weeds pollinate and cover the top layer of the soil with pollens.
With strong dusty winds, this top layer of pollen gets airborne and remains suspended in the air causing severe pollen allergy,” he explained.
Physician said when some allergy producing particles enters the nose and comes in contact with the internal lining of the nose than as a reaction their is swelling and inflammation in the nose and the patient suffers from symptoms like sneezing, nasal itching, watery nasal dripping, watering of eyes and mild sore throat.
‘Thunderstorm asthma’ is a potent mix of pollens, weather conditions and rain that can trigger severe asthma symptoms, Expert says.
While sharing some tips to avoid Pollen Allergy, he said Patients should avoid going outdoors on days with high pollen counts, on windy days or after thunderstorms.
Use re-circulated air in the car when pollen levels are high and use your prescribed medications before going outdoors when pollen cannot be avoided, and keep your asthma reliever with you.
Consider low-allergen plants pollinated by birds or insects when landscaping your garden, he added.
He further mentioned, an itchy, runny or blocked nose due to allergies can make your asthma harder to control. If that sounds like you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
“Avoid cutting the grass and walking in grassy areas if you’re allergic to grass pollen,” he told.
Dr Najeeb also advised keeping an eye on the local pollen forecast, as provided by the Met Office can also help, as it will inform you when the pollen count is high.
For food allergies, avoid the foods that cause your allergy symptoms by carefully reading ingredient labels and asking about the food preparation methods when dining out, he said, adding, choose fresh foods rather than prepared or processed foods.
If you have severe asthma attacks or anaphylaxis, carry two epinephrine injection kits with you at all times.