ISLAMABAD: Liver damage caused by a diet high in fat, sugar, and cholesterol may be difficult to reverse even if the diet is generally improved, a new study shows. The damage can also lead to more serious health problems, such as cirrhosis or even cancer, the study says.
“For more significant liver recovery, the intake of sugar has to come down, probably along with other improvements in diet and exercise,” said Donald Jump, a professor at Oregon State University in the US.
Researchers found that diets low in fat and cholesterol could, in fact, help with weight loss, improved metabolism, and health. But, if the diet was still high in sugar, there was much less liver recovery, the Medical Xpress reported.
“This research suggests that diets lower in fat and cholesterol, even if they help you lose weight, are not enough,” said Jump. The researchers noted that complications related to liver inflammation, scarring and damage are projected to be the leading cause of liver transplants by 2020.
The findings are significant, researchers say, because liver problems such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are surging in the US, affecting 10-35 percent of adults and an increasing number of children. “Many people eating a common American diet are developing extensive hepatic fibrosis, or scarring of their liver, which can reduce its capacity to function and sometimes lead to cancer,” Jump said.
A piece published earlier: Prof. Dr. Subash Gupta who has done over 1500 successful *liver transplant procedures and annually performs more than three hundred liver transplant surgeries, is globally acclaimed as one of the best liver and biliary sciences specialist India has ever produced. He will be training a team of Pakistani surgeons while performing complicated liver transplants at Dow University of Health Sciences’ Ojha campus where he had performed last liver transplant last December.
Prof (Dr.) Subhash Gupta has pioneered the development of Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT) in India; published over 30 papers on different aspects of Living Donor liver transplant in indexed journals; has been honored with the position of Professorship in Surgery from Apollo Health Education and Research Foundation; The Institute of Post Graduate Education and Medical Research, Kolkata has also honored him with the position of Professor of Liver Transplantation; Delhi Medical Association awarded him with a Gold Medal in 2005.
The Rotary Association of India has honored him for excellence in clinical medicine in 2012; Same year the Delhi Medical Association honored him with the award of Vishist Chikitsh Rattan (Distinguished Clinician) on Doctor’s Day; In 2014, he & has team were one of the finalists for the category “Surgical team of the year” for BMJ India awards; Apollo Health foundation has made him an honorary Professor of Surgery; in 2016, the Uttar Pradesh government has awarded him the prestigious “YASH BHARTI” award; in 2016, the Medical Council of India has awarded him the prestigious “B.C. Roy” award; In 2016, he was also awarded The Honorary Professor of Kazakistan.
He remained associated with Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, 2006 till 2016; Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, 2006-2008; St. James’s University Hospital, Leeds, 1995 to 1998; Queen’s Elizabeth Medical Centre, Birmingham, 1993 to 1995; All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 1981 to 1993. (Published on 11th March 2018)
Over 400 dengue cases reported in 2018!
RAWALPINDI: District Health Officer Dr. Zeeshan Ahmed today said around 421 dengue positive patients were reported in Allied hospitals of the city in 2018, while last year 334 patients results were positive, in 2016 the number was 1106 and in 2015 the number was 3303.
He said to date, the allied hospitals have registered 421 confirm patients while at present only 5 dengue patients were under treatment in hospitals. The DHO said that Municipal Corporation area and Potahar Town witnessed a sharp decrease this year in dengue patients as 63 cases were reported in MCR area and 82 in Potohar area while last year the number was 74 in MCR and 189 in Potohar Town.
While Rawalpindi Cantonment Board area has witnessed an increase this year as 197 cases were reported and the number was only 40 last year, he added. He said that in the RCB area the number of cases were increased as there were some hurdles to reach sensitive areas. “Dengue fever situation is under control and no death has occurred due to it,” he added.
E-cigarette makers using aggressive marketing tactics
SEOUL: Makers of e-cigarettes are employing an active marketing strategy, reaching out directly to consumers, industry officials said today.
KT&G, Philip Morris Korea and British American Tobacco (BAT) Korea have all set up departments to exclusively promote sales of their e-cigarettes and are increasing the number of their street stores.
Philip Morris was the first of the pack, opening a shop in June last year with the launch of its IQOS. It has since launched four more independent stores nationwide and has a sales booth at 20 Electro Mart outlets, an electronics store chain run by Shinsegae Group.
The company now runs two call centers, one each in Seoul and in the southeastern city of Busan, and has increased staff from 35 to 170 for around-the-clock operation.
KT&G has three stores, including a standalone in southern Seoul and two shop-in-shop flagships. It offers a visiting service to customers to handle their requests and has 200 staff members standing by.
The company has 10 after-sales service centers throughout the country and 31 smaller consultation stations to solve simple product problems. It has added incentives by giving leather cases to purchasers of its product line.
BAT Korea allows online purchases of its e-cigarette product Glo after confirming the age and identity of the buyer. In addition to its recently opened flagship store, it set up Glo care zones at a number of Seven-Eleven convenience stores that can handle after-sales service care and free product experience.
Industry officials say another change in their marketing tactic is the use of media events when new products are launched.
Such aggressive marketing has displeased social commentators who see it as contradicting efforts to bring down the country’s smoking rates. These watchers also want the government to amend laws on the tobacco industry that are outdated and unable to regulate the new e-cigarette market.
“With the launch of e-cigarettes, the industry can no longer survive in the old way,” an industry official said. “We need to communicate more actively with different segments of society to adapt better to the changing market conditions and to improve the regulations on tobacco.”
PIMS to start hospital’s own incinerator
ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) is all set to operate itself the burning of infectious waste with the start of hospital’s own incinerator during the current month of December.
All codal formalities have been completed to install and start of the incinerator as the hospital has obtained the No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Pakistan Environment Protection Agency, an official of the hospital said on Sunday. He said the incinerator has been placed while work is underway to make it ready for the test run which is expected in the first week of current month by a team of foreign and local experts. “The process of installation of this incinerator is underway, which will have a capacity to burn around 100 kg hospital waste an hour. Under the agreement, the supplier will be responsible for operation and maintenance of incinerator for three years.” “With the start of this incinerator, the hospital administration will be able to address the issue of dumping of its waste,” Dr. Wasim Khawaja, PIMS spokesman said.
He said presently, the hospital’s non-infectious waste is disposed of by the Capital Development Authority (CDA) while the hospital has contracted out the collection and incineration of its infectious waste to the National Cleaner Production Centre of Attock Refinery Limited. He said the incinerator with having dual chambers can convert the waste into infection free ash, which could be safely dumped.
Dr. Wasim said that this modern incinerator will operate both on gas and electricity. “We would have the choice to smoothly run the incinerator either on gas or electricity.” He said that the machine would burn solid waste which would be collected from various sections of the hospital at a high temperature of 800 °C to prevent from the risk of leaving infections.
He said that the hospital would have second incinerator this month, which would be made operational during the current month. He said after installation of the second incinerator, the hospital would be fully self-reliant as if one incinerator gets faults, the second would start operating. Dr. Wasim Khawaja said the total cost of the two incinerators is Rs 56 million. It is pertinent to mention here that presently a huge quantity of hospital’s waste is collected daily without any safe disposal system while the waste is burnt openly which may cause spread of various infectious diseases besides negative effects on pollution, against the mandatory practice of burning hospital waste at a high temperature to avoid the risk of spreading infections.
An amount of Rs 80 per kg is charged by NCPC from the hospital for collection and incineration of infectious waste. Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as thermal treatment. Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat. Medical waste incineration involves the burning of wastes produced by hospitals. These wastes included both infectious medical wastes as well as non-infectious, general wastes. According to experts, incineration plants must be designed to ensure that the flue gases reach a temperature of at least 850 °C (1,560 °F) for two seconds in order to ensure proper breakdown of toxic organic substances.