LONDON: The death of Queen Elizabeth II’s husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, on April 9 aged 99, sparked a flood of tributes from around the world.
Here is a selection:
The royal family –
“You know he didn’t suffer fools. So if you said anything that was in any way ambiguous, he’d say, ‘make up your mind!'”
Charles, Prince of Wales, Philip’s son and heir to the throne
“My grandfather was an extraordinary man and part of an extraordinary generation.”
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Charles’ eldest son and second-in-line
“He was my grandpa: master of the barbecue, legend of banter, and cheeky right ’til the end.”
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, William’s younger brother
World leaders –
“He helped to steer the royal family and the monarchy so that it remains an institution indisputably vital to the balance and happiness of our national life.”
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson
“He was a heck of a guy.”
US President Joe Biden
“At the queen’s side or trailing the customary two steps behind, Prince Philip showed the world what it meant to be a supportive husband to a powerful woman.”
US former president Barack Obama
Philip “embodied a generation that we will never see again”.
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison
“Prince Philip was a man of great purpose and conviction, who was motivated by a sense of duty to others. The duke always sought out the best in people and challenged them to strive for greater heights.”
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Popular tributes –
“The spirit of Prince Philip has left his body, but it lives on — it is too soon to say where it will reside.”
Albi, chief of Yakel village on the Pacific island of Vanuatu, where Prince Philip is revered as a god
“I think his impact has been absolutely phenomenal. The programme has grown, the demand for the DofE (Duke of Edinburgh Award) today is stronger than its ever been and that’s a fantastic legacy.”
Ian Gwilym, senior relationships manager at the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award, a scheme for young people established in 1956 and now operating in more than 140 countries
“He was the patriarch of one of the strongest families in the world. This is a pivotal moment for the royal family. The Queen has relied on him and I don’t think they will have realised the size of this loss.”
Well-wisher at Buckingham Palace on the day of Prince Philip’s death
“It’s a great loss to not just the Queen, but to the country. He represented stability for all of our lives.”
Heather Utteridge, onlooker at the ceremonial 41-gun salute given in Prince Philip’s memory in London on April 10.
With a limited guest list, social distancing, and a congregation in face masks due to coronavirus guidelines, Prince Philip’s funeral on Saturday will be a royal funeral like no other.
Major send-offs for senior royals since World War II have tended to be very public affairs, with pomp, pageantry and popular fervour.
1952: King George VI –
On February 6, 1952, King George VI died suddenly after a long illness at the age of 56.
At his funeral on February 15, his coffin was carried to Paddington station in west London on a gun carriage from Westminster Hall at the Palace of Westminster, where he lay in state.
It was then transported to St George’s Chapel in Windsor where he was laid to rest.
A silent crowd lined the route along London’s foggy streets during the three-hour procession. Big Ben rang out 56 times to mark the age of the king.
His eldest daughter, who at the age of 25 had become Queen Elizabeth II, followed in a horse-drawn coach.
A year later on March 24, George’s mother, the dowager Queen Mary, died aged 85. Over two days, 120,000 people paid homage at Westminster.
1979: Lord Mountbatten –
On August 27, 1979, Louis Mountbatten, the Queen’s cousin and last viceroy of India, was killed at the age of 79, by an IRA bomb placed on his boat.
The assassination rocked the United Kingdom. Mountbatten was a decorated naval commander, the uncle of Philip, and mentor of his eldest son, Charles, Prince of Wales.
On September 5, hundreds of thousands of people gathered in London along with representatives of the British armed forces, US Marines and French, Canadian, Indian and Burmese soldiers to pay him a solemn farewell.
After the service at Westminster Abbey, an escort of six tanks took the coffin to Waterloo station where it was then taken to Romsey, near Southampton, southern England, for burial at the town’s abbey.
1997: Princess Diana –
On September 6, 1997, the country came to a standstill for the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, who died in Paris on August 31 in a car crash aged 36.
Her death sent shockwaves around the world. Millions of people lined the streets and an estimated 2.5 billion people watched the service on television.
When the procession passed Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth II, who had been criticised for her stand-offish initial reaction to the death of the former wife of Prince Charles, publicly bowed her head.
Her young sons, princes William and Harry, walked, heads bowed, behind their mother’s coffin.
Elton John sang his reworked hit “Candle in the Wind” at the Westminster Abbey service. Diana’s brother Charles Spencer rebuked the royal family in his eulogy.
Diana was buried at Althorp, the family’s historic home in Northamptonshire, on an island in the middle of a lake.
2002: Princess Margaret –
Led by Queen Elizabeth II’s frail 101-year-old mother, also called Elizabeth, the royal family on February 15, 2002 buried the monarch’s younger sister Princess Margaret, who had died six days earlier aged 71 after a series of strokes.
The private funeral was attended by some 450 family and friends, including 30 or so members of the royal family such as the Queen, Margaret’s ex-husband Lord Snowdon, and her two children Viscount Linley and Lady Sarah Chatto.
Despite concerns over her own health, the Queen Mother attended the sombre service at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.
It was exactly 50 years since she buried her husband, King George VI. In a break with royal tradition, Margaret was cremated.
2002: Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother –
Just seven weeks after Margaret, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother died in her sleep on March 30 at Windsor. Her funeral on April 9 marked the end of an era.
The royal matriarch was the last empress consort of India and a link to a bygone age. She was much loved as a symbol of resistance to the Nazi enemy during World War II.
Over four days, more than 200,000 people filed past her coffin paying their respects.
The funeral at Westminster Abbey was attended by more than 2,000 people, including monarchs and representatives from numerous countries.
The abbey’s tenor bell chimed for 101 minutes to mark every year of the Queen Mother’s life.
More than a million people lined the 37-kilometre-(23-mile) route taken by the funeral procession to Windsor.
She was interred with her husband at the King George VI memorial chapel, where Margaret’s ashes also lie.
WINDSOR: Here is a timeline for the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II’s husband Prince Philip, which takes place at Windsor Castle, west of London, on Saturday.
– 11:00 am local time (1000 GMT). Prince Philip’s coffin is moved from the royal family’s private chapel at Windsor Castle to a separate hall in preparation for the ceremony.
– 2:10 pm. The Dean of Windsor, David Conner, the most senior religious figure at St George’s Chapel, Prince Philip’s burial place, says prayers.
– 2:15 pm. Representatives of the UK armed forces take their positions in the Quadrangle, a central courtyard by the royal living quarters at the castle.
– 2:20-2:27 pm. Members of the royal family and relatives not taking part in the procession leave Windsor Castle for St George’s Chapel by car.
– 2:27 pm. A military green Land Rover repurposed as a hearse for the funeral enters the Quadrangle. Bands play music and the pallbearers take up position by the vehicle.
– 2:40 pm. Members of Prince Philip’s household take up their positions in the procession. No members of the royal family will wear military uniforms.
– 2:44 pm. The Queen appears with a lady-in-waiting in the state Bentley and joins the rear of the procession, as the UK national anthem, “God Save the Queen”, plays.
– 2:45 pm. The eight-minute procession begins amid a backdrop of ceremonial gunfire and the tolling of the bell inside the castle’s Curfew Tower. The Queen is received by the Dean of Windsor at St George’s Chapel.
– 2:53 pm. The Land Rover bearing the coffin arrives at the main entrance steps to St George’s Chapel. The pallbearers halt outside and royal family members take up positions on the steps.
– 3:00 pm. A gunshot marks a national minute’s silence in the UK.
The Dean of Windsor and the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby — the most senior figure in England’s state church, the Church of England — receive the coffin.
The coffin will be placed on a special platform called a catafalque inside the chapel’s Quire (choir), in front of the altar.
Members of the royal family in the procession will take their places for the funeral service, which is due to last 50 minutes and will be conducted by the Dean of Windsor.
Prince Philip will be laid to rest inside the Royal Vault, where three former British monarchs are buried.
Buglers will play “The Last Post”, a musical call used in British military funerals, and “Action Stations”, a naval piece included at Prince Philip’s request to commemorate his service in the Royal Navy.
The Archbishop of Canterbury will pronounce a religious song called “The Blessing” and four singers will perform the national anthem to mark the end of the service.
The Queen, members of the royal family and Philip’s relatives will then leave the chapel.
With a limited guest list, social distancing, and a congregation in face masks due
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