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TB cases incidence rate/year is 525K in Pakistan!

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Punjab govt launches

ISLAMABAD: The number of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in Pakistan as estimated 27,000 new cases are reported every year in the country.
According to available official data, total TB cases incidence rate per year is 525,000 in Pakistan while the figure of TB cases under treatment is 368,589.
As many as 160,000 patients are missed from treatment while 56,000 deaths are occurred due to TB in Pakistan every year.
National Coordinator TB Control Programme Brig Aamir Ikram said 1,571 microscopy centers had been working in the country as the TB treatment success rate was 93 percent.
He said the government had paid special attention to the critical issue and strengthened the programme for providing free treatment to the TB patients.
He said more than 300,000 TB patients were benefiting from free diagnostic and treatment facilities every year in Pakistan.
He said over 30 hospitals had been upgraded to take care of multi-drug resistant TB cases and 13 laboratories equipped with state of the art facilities were being established in various parts of the country.
He said the government was committed to achieving the target of eliminating the disease from the country and sought the support of all the stakeholders in that regard.
He said that the government had planned several activities to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences, and step up efforts to end the epidemic disease.
He said it was in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing the disease.
He added that every year TB day was celebrated on the urgency to act on the commitments made by global leaders to control the disease.
He said TB remained the world’s deadliest infectious killer. Each day, nearly 4500 people lost their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fell ill with the preventable and curable disease, he added.
He said global efforts to combat TB had saved an estimated 54 million lives since the year 2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 42%.
He added to accelerate the TB response in countries to reach targets heads of state came together and made strong commitments to end TB at the first-ever UN High-Level Meeting in September 2018.

 

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Sindh health minister appeals to parents not to refuse OPV teams

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KARACHI: Sindh Minister for Health Dr. Azra Pechuho here on Monday urged parents not to refuse the vaccinators visiting their homes for administration of oral polio vaccine (OPV) even if their children may have been regularly covered under routine immunisation.

Talking to journalists following the inaugural of the national OPV campaign at the Sindh Emergency Operation Centre for Polio, she said the additional drops received by their kids under OPV hold no hazard but simply boost immunity of the recipients.

“The exercise is meant to provide blanket cover to all children against the virus that persists in our environment,” said the health minister who is also a senior doctor.

Acknowledging that a reluctance has been registered among many of the affluent families in easing access of their under-five children to the mobile teams of vaccinators, engaged in door-to-door oral polio immunisation campaign, she said the elitist mindset has to be done away with.

She urged the media, both print and electronic, to make people realise that OPV being administered at the clinics of renowned pediatricians or that of government-run dispensaries or by authorised mobile teams are of same quality arranged by the government through Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

 

 

 

 

 

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Countrywide anti-polio campaign commences

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Countrywide anti-polio campaign commences

ISLAMABAD: A countrywide campaign to administer anti-polio drops to children under five years of age starts on Monday.

National Coordinator Polio Eradication Programme, Dr Rana Safdar said the anti-polio drive will target 39 million children in all four provinces, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

He urged the people to cooperate with polio teams to administer drops to their children against this crippling disease.

 

 

 

 

 

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FDA approves first medical device to treat child inattention

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WASHINGTON: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this week the first medical device to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for children.

The device called the Monarch external Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System is the first non-drug treatment for ADHD authorized for marketing by the FDA.

The prescription-only device is indicated for patients ages 7 to 12 years old who are not taking ADHD medication.

“This new device offers a safe, non-drug option for treatment of ADHD in pediatric patients through the use of mild nerve stimulation, a first of its kind,” said Carlos Pena, director of the Division of Neurological and Physical Medicine Devices in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health.

ADHD is a common disorder that begins in childhood. ADHD patients have difficulty in staying focused and paying attention.

The cell-phone sized device generates a low-level electrical pulse and connects via a wire to a small patch that adheres to a patient’s forehead, just above the eyebrows, according to FDA.

The device delivers the low-level electrical stimulation to the branches of the trigeminal nerve, sending therapeutic signals to the parts of the brain thought to be involved in ADHD.

Brain imaging showed that eTNS increases activity in the brain regions that are known to be important in regulating attention, emotion and behavior, but the exact mechanism of eTNS is not yet known.

The stimulation feels like a tingling sensation on the skin, and the device should be used in the home under the supervision of a caregiver during periods of sleep. Clinical trials suggest that a response to eTNS may take up to four weeks to become evident.

 

 

 

 

 

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