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Vaccine could virtually eliminate cervical cancer: study

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Vaccine could virtually eliminate cervical cancer

PARIS: The rapid scale-up of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine could virtually eliminate cervical cancer in a handful of rich countries within three decades, and in most other nations by century’s end, researchers said Wednesday.

Without screening and HPV vaccination, more than 44 million women will likely be
diagnosed with the disease over the next 50 years, they reported in The Lancet Oncology, a medical journal.

Two thirds of these cases — and an estimated 15 million deaths — would occur in low- and medium-income countries.

By contrast, the rapid deployment starting in 2020 of screening and vaccination could
prevent more than 13 million cervical cancers by mid-century worldwide, and lower the number of cases to below four-per-100,000 women, the study found.

“This is a potential threshold for considering cervical cancer to be eliminated as a major public health problem,” the authors said in a statement.

Earlier this month, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 570,000 new cases worldwide in 2018, making it the fourth most common cancer for women after breast, colon and lung cancer.

The disease claims the lives of more than 300,000 women every year, mostly in lower income nations.

“Despite the enormity of the problem, our findings suggest that global elimination is within reach,” said lead author Karen Canfell, a professor at the Cancer Council New South Wales, in Sydney.

Achieving that goal, however, depends on “both high coverage of HPV vaccination and cervical screening,” she added.

Transmitted sexually, HPV is extremely common and includes more than 100 types of
virus, at least 14 of them cancer-causing.

The viruses have also been linked to cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina and penis.

It takes 15 to 20 years for cervical cancer to develop in women with normal immune
systems.

If the immune system is weak or compromised — by HIV infection, for example — the cancer can develop far more quickly.

Clinical trials have shown that HPV vaccines are safe and effective against the two HPV strains — types 16 and 18 — responsible for 70 percent of cervical cancer cases.

The study’s projections presume the vaccination of 80 percent of girls 12 to 15 years old starting in 2020, and that at least 70 percent of women undergo screening twice in their lifetime.

This would push the prevalence of the disease below the bar of 4/100,000 women in countries such as the United States, Canada, Britain and France by 2059, and in mid-income countries such as Brazil and China by 2069, the authors calculate.

 

 

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Health

Health card distribution from June 20

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Health card distribution from June 20

MUZAFFARGARH: Health card distribution would start from June 20 here, said coordinator Syed Zohaib Ali.

A total of 35 distribution centers would be set up across the district to provide facility to 428,304 needy people. Fourteen centers were being set up in tehsil Muzaffargarh,six in tehsil Alipur, 14 in tehsil Kot Addu and five in tehsil Jatoi.

Residents of the district aspiring for the card would have to send their ID card number at 8500 to get details. They would get health facility worth Rs. 720,000 annually through the card to be distributed free of cost, Zohaib said.

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Over 27,000 new TB cases reported every year

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TB Patient

ISLAMABAD: The number of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) was increasing in Pakistan as estimated 27,000 new cases were being reported every year in the country.

According to an official of National Coordinator TB Control Programme, total TB cases incidence rate per year is 525,000 in  while the figure of TB cases under treatment is 368,589.

Sharing the official available data, he said that as many as 160,000 patients are missed from treatment while 56,000 deaths are occurred due to TB in Pakistan every year.

The official said that 1571 microscopy centers have been working in the country. He added TB treatment success rate is 93 percent.

He said that the government has paid special attention to this critical issue and strengthened the program for providing a free treatment to TB patients.

He said that more than three hundred thousand TB patients are benefiting free diagnostic and treatment facilities every year in Pakistan.

He said that more than 30 hospitals have been upgraded to take care of multi-drug resistant TB cases and 13 laboratories equipped with state of the art facilities are being established in various parts of the country.

He said that the government is committed to achieve the target of eliminating the disease from the country and sought support of all stakeholders in this regard.

He said that the government has planned several activities to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences and to step up efforts to end the disease epidemic.

He said that it was in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.

He added every year TB day is observed on the urgency to act on the commitments made by global leaders to control the disease. He said that TB remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer.

Each day, nearly 4500 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill with this preventable and curable disease, he added.

He said that global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 54 million lives since the year 2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 42%.

He added to accelerate the TB response in countries to reach targets heads of states came together and made strong commitments to end TB at the first-ever UN High Level Meeting in September 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

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Special polio vaccination drive continues in core reservoirs

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Polio Vaccination Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: A special polio vaccination campaign continued on Tuesday in core reservoirs of the country to vaccinate over 10.25 million children up to five years of age.

During this special campaign, thousands of frontline workers were visiting door to door to ensure children receive two drops of the vaccine to protect them against the polio-virus.

According to an official of National Emergency Operations Center, during year 2019, so far 23 cases of wild polio-virus have been reported in the country including seven from district Bannu, one from district Hangu, one from D.I.Khan and one from district Shangla in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, three cases from Mir Ali, two cases from Miran Shah, one from Khyber and one from Bajaur of tribal districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, two from Karachi and one from Larkana in Sindh and three cases from Lahore in Punjab.

He said despite the significant achievements of the program, the cunning polio-virus was still surviving and find a way for its survival, therefore special immunization campaign planned in all the core reservoir to kill the wild polio virus forever.

“Bannu division is declared highly sensitive after reporting of 50% polio cases of the total polio cases in the country, therefore it is utmost important to vaccinate each child under five years in each anti-polio campaign,” said the PM’s Focal Person on Polio Babar Bin Atta, adding “considering the situation Bannu division is the top priority”

He said, “Parents have been requested to avoid fake propaganda against polio vaccine and vaccinate their children to protect them for polio virus”.

The government is committed and striving to hit the virus hard through this special immunization campaign. This is top priority to focus on reaching still missed children in core reservoir through continued improvement of operations and capacitating frontline polio workers to reach and protect every missed child with the vital polio vaccine.

He stressed that parents are committed to protect their children from virus through repeated vaccinations each time drops are offered by our dedicated polio workers during the campaign.

He said polio is a highly infectious disease caused by polio virus mainly affecting children under the age of five. It invades the nervous system, and can cause paralysis or even death.

He added while there is no cure for polio, vaccination is the most effective way to protect children from this crippling disease. Each time a child under the age of five is vaccinated, their protection against the virus is increased.

He said that repeated immunizations have protected millions of children from polio, allowing almost all countries in the world to become polio free.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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