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Withdrawal services for drug addiction more effective at home

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Withdrawal services for drug addiction more effective at home

SYDNEY: Detoxification and withdrawal services to help patients with their drug and alcohol addiction may be more effective when carried out in their homes, amid growing demand for such treatments in Australia, according to the latest research.
“This research suggests that home-based withdrawal services for people struggling with alcohol and other drug addictions may offer an acceptable and less expensive option, particularly in cases where home-based and inpatient detoxification are considered medically appropriate,” said Curtin University researcher Cameron Wright in a statement on Monday.
The study analyzed 1,800 patients receiving the home-based services in Western Australia state capital Perth. Treatment services to help patients withdraw from their drug and alcohol addiction are typically offered at facilities including rehabilitation centers and hospitals.
“Our study indicates that offering these treatment services at home are especially effective if spending time away from home is likely to be disruptive to the patient or if the substance abuse is most problematic at home,” said Wright, lead author of the findings published in the Australian Journal of Primary Health on Monday.
The research offered valuable information at a crucial time when demand for drug and alcohol treatment services was outstripping the supply of such services across the country, he said.
The proportion of patients in the study who identified with methamphetamine use alone rose from 4 percent in 2011-2012 to 23 percent in 2015-2016, indicating the recent rise in the use of the illegal drug in the community, said Wright.
“Our research also showed the effectiveness of the home-based withdrawal services, with just 23 percent of surveyed clients indicating they used their drug of primary concern most days or most often at the end of the program, down significantly from 94 percent at the start of the program.”

Relevant pieces published earlier: 

Drug abuse in Pak schools, colleges and varsities!

i) Drug abuse in Pak schools, colleges and varsities, The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) conducted the last comprehensive survey of drug use in the country in 2013, which found that drug use was more common among those aged between 25 to 39 than 15 to 24 – the age bracket these legislations target.

And despite the fact that there has been no comprehensive survey for drug use conducted in the last 5 years there is a progressive move by PML-N MNA Asiya Naz Tanoli to make sure that someone is held accountable for the fact that drug use is more common in educational institutions.

A progressive move agreed but what Miss Asiya Naz Tanoli doesn’t see here is the underlying conditions that promote drug use and what course of action she takes will somehow make the situation worse.

Most students that are known to use drugs (and I use this term broadly here) from O level’s state that they are under too much pressure by parents to achieve high results and not only that.

Family issues, having trouble dealing with people, having a girlfriend. All the mentioned scenarios are dangerous in the fact that as humans it is in our nature to find the easy way out.

Doing drugs is one such way, one of the correct methods however is to improve the parenting skills present and advance them in such a way that parents are able to pick up on their children’s issues (and I use this term broadly here) to help the child out, not berate, scold and demoralize them to the point where they feel that there should be an easy way out. Effective prevention of many issues requires younger people to have a caring and nurturing environment.

Another issue brought up here by MNA Shahida Rehmani’s Prevention of Drugs in Educational Institutions Bill  is the invasion of student’s privacy since the method’s that she wants to use in the identification of drug users is not something that secures student’s data or encrypts it simply employs either the institution to handle this paperwork or the state to.

A counterproposal that any intellectual proposes is that the system here hasn’t been considered since information is passed around by government workers who are employees of a state that currently has no penalties for information distribution and does not discourage the abuse of power that any position within the government is owned by an individual.

Does MNA Shahida Rehmani not consider the fact that students will feel humiliated, if and when suppose they get good results academically yet fail a drug test. Does the pressure not increase to a higher level when the parents berate the child?

The Prevention of Drugs in Educational Institution Bill says that if a student tests positive for drug use more than once, they will be “referred to [a] drug rehabilitation center”. The expenses for the facility will be borne by the student.

“If the student cannot afford such a facility, the cost shall be borne by the federal government and in case private facility (approved by the federal government) is availed, the expenses equivalent to those incurred in public-sector rehabilitation [center] shall be covered by the federal government,” it says.

But the ANF official Talal Zubair was skeptical of the private rehabilitation centers in Islamabad as well. “Government-run centers will be the best option for students if such a project is ever undertaken. That is because one, private rehabilitation centers are not regulated so we do not know what sort of treatments they are providing and two, because most of them are interested in making money they will extend treatment unnecessarily,” he said. (Courtesy Daily DAWN for pieces of information)

ii) Karachi Police has arrested a man Mohammed Adeel alias Vicky from Badar Commercial area here of yesterday (Thursday 15th of March) for selling drugs to youths of DHA and Clifton. According to details the accused acquired a degree in Management Information from University of North Carolina and has been pushing drugs since 2014. It has further been learned that he shot a man dead in 2008 and was booked for murder. He built contacts and learned the ropes vis-à-vis acquisition and sales of cocaine.  Later he started selling ice and got arrested twice. An ever-expanding market with dealers present in the highest echelons of society social media is also being used to sell drugs by creating event pages for parties. According to sources not less than 25 men and women are involved in selling drugs to the kids of well-off parents. They gradually become addicts. (16th March, 2018).

iii) News of capturing a young-educated drugs dealer from the posh locality of this Megapolis has shocked parents and health/wellness officials.

One cannot say what is going on in the educational institutions where parents send their kids to nurture their future: reality can be the opposite too.

As the time goes by, parents are getting busy in their professional lives as they want to provide the best for their kids. However, a lack of concentration in children’s lives is making the situation worst.

In such, Newspakistan.tv is equipping its viewers with the possible signs to know if your kids are on drugs, where to look at to find their secret activities and how to keep them off from taking up this lethal substance.

Possible signs of taking up drugs

Experts are of the view that it all begins with fun, as kids are more vulnerable and today’s generation is open to experimenting. They try it for getting pleasure and excitement but gradually, they become its addict.

It has been scientifically proven that kids with an average age of 12 or 13 years are more likely to indulge in such activities. However, teens often go off the rail, resulting into lending themselves in trouble.

The following signs could help us in recognizing whether our kids are doing drugs:

  • Difficulty in sleeping and waking
  • Lack of or excessive energy
  • Reduced or increased appetite.
  • Watery or bloody eyes.
  • Strange odors
  • Extreme talkativeness or hyperactivity.
  • Slurred speech
  • A sudden drop or gain in weight
  • A subtle change in personal appearance
  • Clenching of the jaw
  • Shakes or chills
  • Flushing or paleness in the face
  • Disturb personal and professional life
  • Secretiveness and isolation
  • Sudden fluctuation in mood
  • Disturbed behavior and negative or demotivated thoughts
  • Dishonesty
  • Demand for lots of money or even stealing 
  • Strange cravings and urges
  • Confusions
  • Widespread episodes of fever
  • Taking up lots of chewing gums and mints to hide bad breath
  • Avoiding eye contact
  • Spending more time outside the home
  • Headaches
  • Sweatiness
  • Extreme desire to drink water
  • Sores and spots around mouth

Nevertheless, if the situation goes out of the hands, addicts could have nosebleed, seizures, vomiting, depression. Also, they are highly likely to get involved in unsafe intimate relationships and crimes.

Some preventive measures:

  • So as to keep your kids off from adopting such deadly activities, parents should involve in their lives and goings-on. They should keep a watchful eye on their friends and gatherings.
  • However, parents, while avoiding strict attitudes and measures, should try to be their friends. Just talk to them on a daily basis no matter how much busy you are. Support them and motivate them when they tell you every day’s story.
  • Educate your children regarding negative activities by talking to them openly about the possible consequences.
  • Take them to physicians for routine check-ups once a month.
  • Do not think that your child is too young to take up drugs that would be your biggest mistake. Never assume never as anyone can fall in the pit of addiction.
  • Be open to search their rooms. Mind you, kids tend to hide the substance in the spots such as under the drawers, between the clothes, CDs,DVDs,Tape/Video cases, small boxes such as jewelry and pencil etc, backpacks, inside the pillow, foam and comforter, inside plants, books, fabricated lipstick tubes or compacts, medicine containers and empty candy bags. under a loose plank in floorboards etc.
  • Also, check their mobiles and social media accounts frequently.

It is pertinent to mention here that in the localities such as Clifton and DHA, party culture is prevalent. One can wonder what is going on in such gatherings in the name of parties, where potential people look for the Kids from well-off families so as to ensnare them.

It has further been learned that such parties are usually arranged in private farmhouses and bungalows of influential personalities, where drinking and drugs are common. Goli is the common word to ask for drugs in such parties.

Parents, in this advanced world, cannot say no to their kids when they ask to hang out with their friends. Ask questions regarding weekend plans as to what are they going to do etc.

However, they can make some restrictions. First thing first, set time restrictions. Ask them to avoid frequent gatherings.

Always keep a watchful eye on your kid’s company and friends. Talk to them and their parents too. Have a real, face-to-face conversation when your son or daughter comes home following socializing with friends.

Give them a hug whenever they return to home after school or parties as if they engage in secretive activities, the smell of drinking and drugs will be on their breath, clothing and in their hair. (17th of March, 2018) 

 

 

 

 

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Economy

Govt working to bring reforms in FBR: Dawood

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RAWALPINDI: Adviser to the Prime Minister on Commerce, Textile, and Industries Abdul Razzak Dawood has said that the government had finalized the five-year national tariff policy to bring down tariffs on raw material and machinery imports for export-based industries.
“We are working to rationalize certain taxes, regulatory and custom duties. There are roughly 34 different taxes and we are planning to shrink them to 12 or eight in the next couple of years. This will help us to meet the challenge of one core impediment in ease of doing business and I know business community suffered a lot on multiple fronts with respect to tax slabs and tariff lines.”
Addressing the “Emerging Pakistan“ ceremony organized by the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) at Jinnah Convention Center Islamabad, Razzak Dawood said the government in its first 100 days had kicked off reforms in the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) and done a major shift in its working. “We have decided to take policy matters from the FBR,” and now the Finance Ministry would formalize the policy in consultation with key stakeholders, including the business community and chamber of commerce, he emphasized.
He appreciated RCCI efforts in promoting business activities in the region through exhibitions and assured his cooperation in fulfilling their demands of converting the old airport building into a modern expo center and provision of grid station to RCCI’s Rawat Industrial Estate. He expressed the hope that in next 30 days the people would see a genuine change on the economy side as “we have done major shuffling in policy matters pertaining to taxation, exports, refunds, regulatory and custom duties and incentives to the business community with respect to ease of doing business.” World-renowned companies including Exxon Mobil, Pepsi, and Suzuki had pledged more investment in Pakistan, he added.

 

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Pakistan

Your job or your second nationality?

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LAHORE: The Supreme Court (SC) today asked the federal and provincial governments to set deadlines for dual national officials to either give up their jobs or the second nationality.
The SC bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar, passed the directions while announcing a reserved verdict regarding dual nationality of government officials. The court held that in the majority of cases, apparently the acquisition of foreign nationalities during service by the citizens was aimed to securely dispatch ill-gotten gains and relocate their families or themselves during service or after retirement. Such individuals deserved no leniency, it added.
The SC said it was intended to send a strong signal to all government officials that they must not deceive the country by breaking the trust that they have been bestowed upon by virtue of their office. Rules/regulations in that regard might be amended by the federal and provincial governments, preferably in conjunction with each other, the court observed. In its 52-page detailed judgment, the bench also gave various proposals to the federal and provincial governments and the parliament regarding the appointment of dual nationality holders as officials.
The court asked the governments to consider formulation of negative lists of posts in government service, autonomous/semi-autonomous organizations, where citizens holding dual nationality or married to dual nationals, should not be appointed for safeguarding national interest, except for with the permission of the respective cabinets or organizations. The court further asked for placing the list of dual nationals or married to dual nationality holders and posts held by them, before the parliament, respective governments or organizations at the end of each financial year. The court asked the federal and provincial governments to consider imposing a complete ban on employment of foreigners/ non-citizens (of Pakistani or non-Pakistani origin) in the government service.
The court also asked the governments to develop criteria regarding employment of non-citizens in government service, where relaxation from general prohibition was necessary in the public interest, besides preparation of negative lists of posts in this regard. The bench asked the governments for developing criteria requiring disclosure of the intent to seek such foreign nationalities, and adopting methods to check such instances and enforcing penalties for nondisclosure. The bench had reserved its verdict in the case pertaining to dual nationalities of government officers on September 24. In January, the chief justice had taken up a Suo Motu case about senior government officers as well as members of the judiciary holding dual nationality.

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Pakistan

Sh Rashid fears financial indiscipline under Shehbaz as PAC Chairman

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LAHORE: Railways Minister Sheikh Rashid Ahmad here on Saturday expressed apprehension that the appointment of Opposition Leader Shehbaz Sharif as Chairman of Public Accounts Committee (PAC) would lead the country to financial indiscipline and economic chaos.

Addressing a press conference at Pakistan Railways (PR) headquarters, he said that Prime Minister Imran Khan was a broad-minded person who had agreed that the Opposition may make Shehbaz as Chairman PAC. Casting doubt on the credibility of Shehbaz Sharif, he said, “No leader in the PML-N was dishonest if its president Shehbaz Sharif is honest”. Regarding the issue of production order of PML-N MNA Saad Rafique, he said that his (Rashid) production orders had not been produced for three years when he was in jail in a fake case of possessing a gun.

To a question, he said that Saad was the son of a great man and he (Rashid) respected his father, but, adding that Saad was crying for money which he had looted. The Minister said the country would be purged of all plunderers and looters by March 2019. He criticized the media for presenting thieves and looters like heroes and urged the media to show their real faces. He said the railways during the last regime, just made procurement and no improvement had been brought in it. He said the government was bound to pay Rs 6 billion daily in the form of debts. To a question, he said that he never used derogatory language against the daughter or wife of Nawaz Sharif. The Minister said that with the passage of time, positive impacts of the governments would be before the people.

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