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Digital revolution: Can social media affect school grades?

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AIMAN INAM

BERLIN: Social media penetration gets to everywhere. Due to its hype and craze, youngsters tend to adhere to their laptops and phones so as to be connected with the online world.

In such, investigators from Germany set out to know the impacts of using social networking sites such as Snapchat, Facebook and Instagram on the academic performance of teens.

So as to look into this, Professor Markus Appel from the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany and Timo Gnambs from the University of Bamberg have gone through some 59 studies harboring the link amid social media use and academic performance.

The studies comprised on approx 30,000 young people around the world.

Their findings suggest that those kids, who use social media so as to discuss apropos school related matters, have been reported performing slightly better.

On the contrary, those, who use Instagram while studying, log into others social networking sites post or send messages frequently, upload snaps and their activities, tend to perform somewhat worse as such practices trigger distraction when they do homework.

Maintaining that such sites could potentially impact its users non-constructively, academics further reiterate that parents should keep a watchful eye as to know in which activities their kids are involved when it comes to use social media.

Besides, they should inject variety in their activities (such as playing, social networking, studies, physical activities etc) as too much of anything is harmful.

 

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Health

Over 400 dengue cases reported in 2018!

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RAWALPINDI: District Health Officer Dr. Zeeshan Ahmed today said around 421 dengue positive patients were reported in Allied hospitals of the city in 2018, while last year 334 patients results were positive, in 2016 the number was  1106 and in 2015 the number was 3303.
He said to date, the allied hospitals have registered 421 confirm patients while at present only 5 dengue patients were under treatment in hospitals. The DHO said that Municipal Corporation area and Potahar Town witnessed a sharp decrease this year in dengue patients as 63 cases were reported in MCR area and 82 in Potohar area while last year the number was 74 in MCR and 189 in Potohar Town.
While Rawalpindi Cantonment Board area has witnessed an increase this year as 197 cases were reported and the number was only 40 last year, he added. He said that in the RCB area the number of cases were increased as there were some hurdles to reach sensitive areas. “Dengue fever situation is under control and no death has occurred due to it,” he added.

 

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E-cigarette makers using aggressive marketing tactics

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E-cigarette makers using aggressive marketing tactics

SEOUL: Makers of e-cigarettes are employing an active marketing strategy, reaching out directly to consumers, industry officials said today.
KT&G, Philip Morris Korea and British American Tobacco (BAT) Korea have all set up departments to exclusively promote sales of their e-cigarettes and are increasing the number of their street stores.
Philip Morris was the first of the pack, opening a shop in June last year with the launch of its IQOS. It has since launched four more independent stores nationwide and has a sales booth at 20 Electro Mart outlets, an electronics store chain run by Shinsegae Group.
The company now runs two call centers, one each in Seoul and in the southeastern city of Busan, and has increased staff from 35 to 170 for around-the-clock operation.
KT&G has three stores, including a standalone in southern Seoul and two shop-in-shop flagships. It offers a visiting service to customers to handle their requests and has 200 staff members standing by.
The company has 10 after-sales service centers throughout the country and 31 smaller consultation stations to solve simple product problems. It has added incentives by giving leather cases to purchasers of its product line.
BAT Korea allows online purchases of its e-cigarette product Glo after confirming the age and identity of the buyer. In addition to its recently opened flagship store, it set up Glo care zones at a number of Seven-Eleven convenience stores that can handle after-sales service care and free product experience.
Industry officials say another change in their marketing tactic is the use of media events when new products are launched.
Such aggressive marketing has displeased social commentators who see it as contradicting efforts to bring down the country’s smoking rates. These watchers also want the government to amend laws on the tobacco industry that are outdated and unable to regulate the new e-cigarette market.
“With the launch of e-cigarettes, the industry can no longer survive in the old way,” an industry official said. “We need to communicate more actively with different segments of society to adapt better to the changing market conditions and to improve the regulations on tobacco.”

 

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Health

PIMS to start hospital’s own incinerator

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ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) is all set to operate itself the burning of infectious waste with the start of hospital’s own incinerator during the current month of December.

All codal formalities have been completed to install and start of the incinerator as the hospital has obtained the No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Pakistan Environment Protection Agency, an official of the hospital said on Sunday. He said the incinerator has been placed while work is underway to make it ready for the test run which is expected in the first week of current month by a team of foreign and local experts. “The process of installation of this incinerator is underway, which will have a capacity to burn around 100 kg hospital waste an hour. Under the agreement, the supplier will be responsible for operation and maintenance of incinerator for three years.” “With the start of this incinerator, the hospital administration will be able to address the issue of dumping of its waste,” Dr. Wasim Khawaja, PIMS spokesman said.
He said presently, the hospital’s non-infectious waste is disposed of by the Capital Development Authority (CDA) while the hospital has contracted out the collection and incineration of its infectious waste to the National Cleaner Production Centre of Attock Refinery Limited. He said the incinerator with having dual chambers can convert the waste into infection free ash, which could be safely dumped.
Dr. Wasim said that this modern incinerator will operate both on gas and electricity. “We would have the choice to smoothly run the incinerator either on gas or electricity.” He said that the machine would burn solid waste which would be collected from various sections of the hospital at a high temperature of 800 °C to prevent from the risk of leaving infections.
He said that the hospital would have second incinerator this month, which would be made operational during the current month. He said after installation of the second incinerator, the hospital would be fully self-reliant as if one incinerator gets faults, the second would start operating. Dr. Wasim Khawaja said the total cost of the two incinerators is Rs 56 million. It is pertinent to mention here that presently a huge quantity of hospital’s waste is collected daily without any safe disposal system while the waste is burnt openly which may cause spread of various infectious diseases besides negative effects on pollution, against the mandatory practice of burning hospital waste at a high temperature to avoid the risk of spreading infections.
An amount of Rs 80 per kg is charged by NCPC from the hospital for collection and incineration of infectious waste. Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as thermal treatment. Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat. Medical waste incineration involves the burning of wastes produced by hospitals. These wastes included both infectious medical wastes as well as non-infectious, general wastes. According to experts, incineration plants must be designed to ensure that the flue gases reach a temperature of at least 850 °C (1,560 °F) for two seconds in order to ensure proper breakdown of toxic organic substances.

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